Some time ago I wrote this summer hokku:
Even as it is phrased, you may see that there is a kind of equivalency expressed here, and that is often found in hokku. I could have made it more obvious by phrasing it thus:
This is a type of hokku that we may call "equivalent" hokku, where we see a quality expressed in one part of the verse in the other part of the verse -- "coolness" equals "midsummer rain." It is as though we were to say, "THIS is coolness -- the call of the dove in midsummer rain."
We see the same thing in this verse of Shiki, which tells us that Shiki had not altered hokku to the point of being irredeemable, had that been possible:
Equivalency is a very useful technique in hokku, and applicable to many situations. It is one more tool that you may use in letting Nature speak through you.
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